Dr Josef Mengele'e wartime efforts, aided by an assist from Dr Robert Oppenheimer, almost immediately knocked human-oriented Progress permanently off its pre-war pedestal, as every account of the birth of our post-war/post-modern Era attests.
But would it be heresy to suggest that in the same period, albeit rolled out at a much slower pace, Dr Henry Dawson offered up an sturdy alternative to pre-war progress ?
That is 'out with the old' was as successful as it was, because there was an 'in with the new' alternative waiting in the wings ?
And I do mean 'Alternative' in just the sense that left wingers and right wingers understand that term : Birkenstocks and whole grain bread and all.
Dawson's successful attempts to get the Allies to reverse their war aims for penicillin, from a "secret weapon of war" to "abundant wartime penicillin for all in need", began small and simple and natural.
Writers Hitler, A. and Lovecraft, H.P. thought the ultimate in evil was a fungoid growth.
But 'the other Manhattan Project' took up the despised little creature.
Eventually it, together with "4Fs,Women and the Grace of God", to use a description from a hostile OSRD critic, changed our whole world for the better, for ever.
Not just in what it did ---- but in how it did it, so very different in an era of Big Everything, particularly Big Science:
Un-patented, public domain, back-to-the-land, back-to-nature, small-is-bountiful penicillin.
Kitchen Tabletop penicillin, Homemade penicillin, DIY penicillin, Artisan penicillin, Crude and Primitive penicillin.
Penicillin you could almost imagine being at farmers' markets, or sold from a table at the back of the hall, after the gig....